THE DIAMOND DIADEM: Queen Elizabeth II wore The Diamond Diadem, originally made for King George IV in 1820, to appear in the House of Lords to open the First Parliament of her reign in 1952 (Getty)

During her 70-year reign on the British throne, Queen Elizabeth II wore some of the most remarkable jewelry, brooches, tiaras and, of course, crowns. Whether they were gifted, inherited, or commissioned, the Queen’s collection was unmatched.

For less formal occasions, Queen Elizabeth often donned her signature pearl necklace and a statement brooch as well as the diamond engagement ring with 3-carat center stone that Prince Philip gave her before their 1947 nuptials. When it came to official events, Her Royal Highness went into the Buckingham Palace vaults.

The stunning treasure trove of jewels was added to the collection of family heirlooms during Queen Victoria’s reign from 1837 to 1901. As her empire expanded during the Victorian era, collecting jewelry pieces was a priority for the British monarch.

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Queen Mary was another substantial contributor to her granddaughter Queen Elizabeth II’s impressive assortment. Queen Mary was known for acquiring gemstones and diamonds during her royal travels.

She received other pieces as diplomatic gifts and through close-knit ties with jewelers in London and Paris. She ended up accumulating many of Queen Elizabeth’s favorite designs, such as The Grand Duchess Vladimir Tiara and The Girls of Great Britain and Ireland Tiara, which Queen Elizabeth dubbed “Granny’s Tiara.”

Queen Elizabeth died at 96 years old on Sept. 8, and just months before her death, she put heirlooms from her personal jewelry collection on display at three royal residences during her Platinum Jubilee celebrations. In honor of her historic reign, GRAZIA USA takes a look back at her most remarkable pieces.

The Imperial State Crown

Originally made for the coronation of King George VI in 1937, the opulent headpiece is set with 2,868 diamonds in silver mounts, and colored stones in gold mounts, including 17 sapphires, 11 emeralds, and 269 pearls. Queen Elizabeth II wore the Imperial State Crown on her coronation day in 1953 and again, to the Opening of Parliament in 1967.

The Imperial State Crown (Getty)

Burmese Rubies

At a royal gala during her Silver Jubilee celebrations in 1977, the Queen donned the tiara she ordered from Garrard, which was set with 96 rubies the people of Burma gifted to the Queen for her wedding.

Queen Elizabeth II at a Royal Gala performance at Covent Garden during her Silver Jubilee celebrations, 30th May 1977. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

The Grand Duchess Vladimir Tiara

One of Queen Elizabeth II’s favorite tiaras, the Grand Duchess Vladimir Tiara, was purchased by her grandmother, Queen Mary, in 1921.

Queen Elizabeth II wearing the Grand Duchess Vladimir Tiara (Getty)
Queen Elizabeth II wearing the Grand Duchess Vladimir Tiara (Getty)
Queen Elizabeth II wearing the Grand Duchess Vladimir Tiara (Getty)

Queen Alexandra’s Russian Kokoshnik Tiara

Her Royal Highness often selected her great-grandmother Queen Alexandra’s diamond Russian Kokoshnik Tiara, commissioned by Garrard. The tiara was modeled after the Russian Kokoshnik Tiara worn by Alexandra’s sister, the Empress Marie Feodorovna of Russia.

Queen Elizabeth II wearing Queen Alexandra’s diamond Russian Kokoshnik Tiara (Getty)

Queen Mary’s Girls of Great Britain and Ireland Tiara

Women’s clubs across the British empire fundraised to purchase the Girls of Great Britain and Ireland Tiara as a wedding gift to Queen Elizabeth II’s grandmother, Queen Mary, in 1893.

Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip arriving at the Manoel Theatre in Valleta, Malta, 1967. (Photo by Fox Photos/Getty Images)
The Girls of Great Britain and Ireland Tiara (Getty)
Queen Elizabeth II wearing The Girls of Great Britain and Ireland Tiara (Getty)

Queen Elizabeth II’s Coronation Necklace

The diamond necklace Queen Elizabeth II sported at her 1953 coronation was made by Garrard for Queen Victoria in 1858.

Queen Elizabeth II’s Coronation Necklace (Getty)

Queen Elizabeth II’s Coronation Earrings

The pear-shaped diamond earrings Queen Elizabeth II sported at her 1953 coronation was made by Garrard for Queen Victoria in 1858.

Queen Elizabeth II’s Coronation Earrings (Getty)

The Williamson Brooch

The Queen’s Williamson Brooch is designed around the Williamson Pink Diamond, one of the largest pink diamonds in the world. The stone is set in a white diamond flower pin, designed by Frederick Mew of Cartier in London in 1953.

The Williamson Brooch (Getty)

QUEEN ALEXANDRA’S WEDDING PARURE

His Royal Highness, Prince Albert of Wales, gave the Parure of Diamonds and Pearls as a wedding gift to Princess Alexandra of Denmark in 1863. The Garrard pieces included the Rundell Tiara, a set of earrings,
a brooch, and a diamond and pearl necklace, which was recently worn by Catherine, Princess of Wales. While the diamond tiara no longer exists, the rest of the jewels remain in Queen Elizabeth II’s private collection.

Parure of Diamonds and Pearls – The Gift of HRH The Prince of Wales’, 1863. Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, the future King Edward VII, purchased a parure for, Princess Alexandra of Denmark, as a wedding gift. The set from Garrard included a large diamond tiara, a diamond and pearl necklace, a set of earrings, and brooch. The tiara, popularly known as the Rundell Tiara, no longer exists. The other jewels are in Queen Elizabeth II’s private collection. From A Memorial of the Marriage of H.R.H. Albert Edward, Prince of Wales and H.R.H. Alexandra, Princess of Denmark, by W. H Russell. [Day and Son, London, 1863] Artist Robert Dudley. (Photo by Print Collector/Getty Images)
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